Strings in PHP

In this tutorial, we will learn about Strings in PHP. A string is commonly described as a collection of characters. Mean a string is collection of number, alphabets or special symbols for example “Hello World”. In PHP you can define a string in the program with two ways by using single quotes(‘ ‘) or by using double(” “) quotes. Here we learn about strings, basic functions in strings, escape-sequence and difference between single and double quote string.

Difference between Single and Double Quote Strings:

As I said we can write strings in PHP in both single and double-quotes. But there is a certain difference between both. If you write a string in single quotes it will take string literally. Suppose you have a variable $num=10; and if you write something like this ‘Value of num=$num’. In this case, it will show exactly the same. But if you will write this in double-quotes the variable name will be changed with its value. To understand it more clearly follow the given example.

$num =10;
echo 'value of num = $num';
echo "value of num = $num";

Escape-Sequence in strings:

These are some special escape sequence in PHP which we can use with strings. These escape sequences get replace with special values. Check these escape sequence.

  • \n is replaced with the newline character.
  • \\ is replaced with a single backslash. (\)
  • \r is replaced with the carriage-return character.
  • \t is replaced with the tab.
  • \” is replaced with a single double-quote (“).
  • \$ is replaced with the dollar sign itself ($).

Basic string Functions:

Here we will check some of the basic functions with would so helpful to you while working with strings. Here is like of some basic string functions in PHP.

  • strlen() : function to check total number of characters in string.
  • str_replace() : function to replace part or parts of string with other string.
  • str_word_count() : function to check total number of words in string.
  • strrev() : function to reverse string in PHP.

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