Recomposition in Jetpack Compose

Jetpack Compose has revolutionized Android UI development with its declarative and efficient approach. Central to Compose is the concept of recomposition, which enables dynamic UI updates in response to state changes. In this article, we will dive into recomposition in Jetpack Compose, and its significance in Compose, exploring two essential functions: Remember and Remember with Delegate. By understanding these concepts, developers can harness the power of recomposition to build responsive and interactive user interfaces in their Android applications.

Understanding Recomposition:

Recomposition in Jetpack Compose refers to the process of re-evaluating the UI hierarchy and updating only the components affected by state changes. Unlike traditional imperative UI frameworks, Compose avoids costly and unnecessary updates by re-composing only the relevant parts of the UI. This results in significant performance improvements and eliminates UI inconsistencies caused by manual synchronization. Recomposition is a cornerstone of Compose’s efficiency, enabling developers to build highly responsive and scalable user interfaces.


Remember is a powerful function in Jetpack Compose that allows developers to persist and manage state across recompositions. By wrapping a value with Remember, Compose ensures that the state is retained between recomposition calls. This enables developers to preserve important data and seamlessly update the UI without losing its state. Remember is particularly useful for handling user interactions, maintaining application settings, or caching expensive computations. It simplifies state management by abstracting away the complexities of manual state restoration and ensures consistent behaviour across.

Example Program – Counter:

import androidx.compose.runtime.*
import androidx.compose.ui.tooling.preview.Preview
import androidx.compose.ui.unit.dp
import androidx.compose.ui.window.Window
import androidx.compose.material.*
import androidx.compose.ui.Alignment
import androidx.compose.ui.Modifier

fun Counter() {
    var count by remember { mutableStateOf(0) }

        modifier = Modifier
        verticalArrangement = Arrangement.Center,
        horizontalAlignment = Alignment.CenterHorizontally
    ) {
            onClick = { count++ },
            modifier = Modifier.padding(bottom = 16.dp)
        ) {
            Text(text = "Increase Count")
            text = "Count: $count",
            style = MaterialTheme.typography.h4,
            textAlign = TextAlign.Center


In the example program, we create a simple counter-composable function using Jetpack Compose. It utilizes the Remember function to maintain and update the count state. We define a mutable state variable count using the mutableStateOf function, initialized with 0. Whenever the “Increase Count” button is clicked, the count is incremented by one. The UI is automatically recomposed to reflect the updated count value. The count is displayed using the Text composable with appropriate styling and alignment. The PreviewCounter function provides a preview of the Counter composable, allowing us to visualize how it looks.


Recomposition is at the core of Jetpack Compose, enabling efficient UI updates in response to state changes. Remember and Remember with Delegate provides developers with powerful tools for managing state persistence and fine-grained control over recomposition. By leveraging these features, developers can create highly responsive and interactive user interfaces in their Android applications while maintaining performance and scalability. Jetpack Compose’s recomposition model empowers developers to build modern UIs with ease and efficiency.

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