Image Composable in Jetpack Compose

Introduction Jetpack Compose is a toolkit for building Android user interfaces. One of its core components is the Image Composable, which provides a straightforward way to display images in an application. In this tutorial, we'll explore Image Composable and learn how to use it to display images in a Jetpack Compose project.

Prerequisites To follow along with this tutorial, you'll need the following:

  • Android Studio 4.0 or later.
  • A basic understanding of Jetpack Compose.

Getting Started First, create a new Jetpack Compose project in Android Studio. In the MainActivity.kt file, add the following code:

import androidx.compose.runtime.Composable
import androidx.compose.ui.Modifier
import androidx.compose.ui.layout.ContentScale
import androidx.compose.ui.res.painterResource
import androidx.compose.ui.unit.dp

fun ImageComponent() {
        painter = painterResource(R.drawable.image),
        contentDescription = null,
        modifier = Modifier
        contentScale = ContentScale.Crop

This code defines an ImageComponent() a function that uses Image Composable to display an image. The Image Composable takes four parameters:

  • painter: The image resource to display.
  • contentDescription: A brief description of the image for accessibility purposes.
  • modifier: Used to apply layout constraints and positioning to the image.
  • contentScale: Defines how the image should be scaled to fit within its layout bounds.

To display the image, we've used the painterResource() function to load the image resource, fillMaxWidth() to fill the entire width of the container, wrapContentSize() to wrap the image to its content size, and height() to set the image height to 200dp. We've also used ContentScale.Crop to crop the image to fit its bounds.

Adding the Image to the UI To add the Image to the UI, modify the setContent() function in MainActivity.kt:

setContent {
        modifier = Modifier
    ) {
        Text(text = "Jetpack Compose Image Tutorial")
        Spacer(modifier = Modifier.height(16.dp))

In this code, we've added ImageComponent() to a Column Composable, which also includes a Text Composable with a title for the tutorial. We've also added a Spacer Composable to create some space between the title and the image


In this tutorial, we've explored the Image Composable in Jetpack Compose and learned how to use it to display images in an app. By following these steps, you'll easily incorporate images into your Jetpack Compose projects.

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