Navigation Drawer in Jetpack compose

The Navigation Drawer is a fundamental UI component in Jetpack Compose that facilitates easy navigation and menu accessibility within Android applications. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the features and usage of the Navigation Drawer in Jetpack Compose, along with example programs, to help you create intuitive and user-friendly navigation experiences within your app.

Understanding Navigation Drawer:

The Navigation Drawer, also known as the side menu or hamburger menu, is a sliding panel that appears from the edge of the screen, typically the left side, to reveal navigation options. It serves as a hub for accessing different sections or screens of an app. The Navigation Drawer is commonly utilized in applications with multiple features or sections, allowing users to navigate effortlessly between different areas of the app.

Key Features of Navigation Drawer:

  1. Slide-in Animation: The Navigation Drawer smoothly animates into view, providing a visually pleasing transition for users. This animation enhances the user experience and adds a touch of elegance to the app.

  2. Menu Items: The Navigation Drawer contains a list of menu items that represent various sections or screens of the app. Each menu item is typically accompanied by an icon and label, enabling users to quickly identify and select their desired destination.

  3. User Interaction: Users can interact with the Navigation Drawer in different ways. They can swipe it open or close, tap the hamburger icon (often located in the app bar), or use a dedicated button or gesture to reveal or hide the drawer.

  4. Customization: The Navigation Drawer can be customized to align with the branding and design language of the app. You can modify its appearance, such as changing the background colour, text colour, icon styles, and more, to create a cohesive and visually appealing user interface.

Example Program: Basic Navigation Drawer Implementation:

To better understand the implementation of a Navigation Drawer in Jetpack Compose, let’s dive into a simple example program:

fun MyScreen() {
    val drawerState = rememberDrawerState(DrawerValue.Closed)

        topBar = {
                title = { Text(text = "My App") },
                navigationIcon = {
                        onClick = { }
                    ) {
                        Icon(Icons.Filled.Menu, contentDescription = "Menu")
        drawerContent = {
            Column(Modifier.padding(16.dp)) {
                Text(text = "Menu Item 1")
                Text(text = "Menu Item 2")
                Text(text = "Menu Item 3")
        drawerGesturesEnabled = true,
        drawerContentColor = MaterialTheme.colors.primary,
        drawerBackgroundColor = MaterialTheme.colors.background
    ) {
        // Main screen content goes here

In this example, we define the MyScreen composable function, which utilizes the Scaffold component to create the main screen layout. The topBar the parameter includes a TopAppBar with a title and a navigation icon (hamburger icon). Upon clicking the navigation icon, we open the Navigation Drawer by invoking the open() function on the drawerState object. The drawerContent parameter defines the content of the Navigation Drawer, which, in this case, consists of a simple list of menu items.


The Navigation Drawer in Jetpack Compose simplifies the implementation of intuitive navigation and menu accessibility in Android apps. By leveraging its features, including slide-in animation, customizable appearance, and interactive gestures, you can create seamless and user-friendly navigation experiences for your users. The provided example program offers a starting point for integrating a Navigation Drawer into your app.

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